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Government Of Assam Chirang District

Sericulture

  • A Brief information of Sericulture Department

    HISTORY OF SERICULTURE IN BTR

    Eri Silk is legacy of Bodo’s . The art of Eri Silkworm rearing, spinning and weaving is introduced by Bodo Indigenous people in India, “Like a mother from infants Bodos & Silk are in Separable.” The use of Eri Silk is closely associated with the culture and tradition of Bodo Society.

    Sericulture in Chirang District

    The people of Chirang district enjoys the unique distinction of being producing all three varieties of Silk viz. Eri, Muga, Mulberry. Eri culture is a part of cultural ethos of and tradition of Bodo Community since the time immemorial. However Muga and Mulberry culture was introduced in a systematic way as one of the income generating venture almost the rural folks of the district from 9th five year plan owards only.

    Development Trends:

    Sericulture practiced in 207 Nos villages out of total no 508 villages in Chirang district. A total 8035 nos families are directly involved in Sericulture activities.

    Sericulture Development Project - NERTPS

    First time introduction of Topioca plant for Eri Silk Worm rearing for sustainable livelihood for doubling the income to poor Eri  grower of BTR in particular and entire North East India in general. The Topioca project under NERTPS ( Ministry of Textiles, Govt of India) is running in the district with a target of 120 nos Eri Silk worm rearer by providing assistance like construction of rearing House and skill up-gradation training programme for the year 2020-21.

    Achivement made in the field

    Area under Systematic Silkworm food plant ( 2020-21

    Eri         

    169.6 Hect
    Muga 78.0 Hect
    Mulberry 10.00 Hec

    Production of Raw Silk (2020-21)

    Silk type Target                                   Achievement  Growth rate percentage
    Eri                   188 MT                                 184.6     97.12%
    Muga            6.40 MT       5.504     86%
    Mulberry     2.0 MT         Nil     Nil

    ( non received of Mulberry dfls from NSSO, Bangaloredue to pandemic Covid-19)

    Establishment of Worlds 1st Muga wild Life Sanctuary in the District

    Considering the importance of the conservation of Biodiversity of Muga Silkworm in the wild for future exploitation of the Gene Bank , the Department of Sericulture, BTR in association with Central Silk Board, Govt. of India and Department of Forest , BTR has taken the step for establishment  of Worlds first Muga Wild Life Sanctuary in the fringe areas of Manas National Park, Assam demarcating 300 bighas of Land in Ranghijhora area of Kukhlung forest, Bijni Sub-division during the year 2013 on 5th June.

    Success Story during lockdown period (2020)

    During lockdown period in 2020 the Department helped 96 nos sericulture farmers by collecting 4.5 MT Eri cut cocoon from Runikhata area and sold the cocoon to Cocoon Bank , Kokrajhar @ Rs 850/- per kg. Thus during lockdown period the Seri farmers benefited with a average of Rs.2000/- in these adverse situation.

                                                        Monoj Chakrabarty,Assistant Director,Sericulture

                                                                                        Mobile No : 9954945481                          

    Email:adschirang@gmail.com

                                                                                                                                                                 (Updated on 23-06-2021)